el articulo de Stiglitz (2005) titulado "Making Natural Resources into a Blessing Rather than a Curse", y que fuera sugerido por Wii, extraigo los siguientes fragmentos con los cuales coincido plenamente (como ya lo he señalado en otro post):
Resources not extracted today are still around tomorrow—they do not disappear. In fact, it may not make sense to extract natural resources as fast as possible. If a country is unable to use the funds well, it may be preferable to leave the resources in the ground, increasing in value as resources become scarcer and prices increase.
Moreover, the extraction of resources lowers the wealth of a country—unless the funds generated are invested in other forms. Extraction in itself makes the country poorer because resources such as oil, gas, or minerals are not renewable. Once they are out of the ground and sold, they cannot be replaced. It is only the subsequent reinvestment into capital (physical or natural) that can offset the loss of this natural wealth and make the country richer.